The 5 Solas of the Reformation

On October 31st 1517, Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg, Germany. This was the spark that would ignite a spiritual and cultural revolution known as the Protestant Reformation. As the Catholic Church became more unfaithful, and the Word of God became more accessible to the common people, a tipping point was reached. With surprising intensity, the spirit of reform broke out shattering the hold of papal leadership in Western Christianity. As believers studied and prayed, they broke with the Catholic church in answering four overarching questions: (1) Where does religious authority lie? (2) How is a person saved? (3) What is the church? And (4) How do Christians live?
In response to these questions, and the greater spiritual awakening in the life of the church at this time, the Reformers identified five pillars that steered their understanding of the essentials of Christianity. These were known as the Five Solas of the Reformation.
The Five Solas are Latin phrases that summarize the protestant understanding of fundamental doctrines; the Five Solas are:


  • Sola Scriptura (“scripture alone”): The Bible alone is our highest authority.
  • Solus Christus (“Christ alone”): Jesus Christ alone is our Lord, Savior, and King.
  • Sola Fide (“faith alone”): We are saved through faith alone in Jesus Christ.
  • Sola Gratia (“grace alone”): We are saved by the grace of God alone.
  • Soli Deo Gloria (“to the glory of God alone”): We live for the glory of God alone.


Throughout the month of October, we will study these biblical truths of the past that matter very much to us today. Our prayer is that these essential and exciting doctrines will come alive in your life and help you see Jesus more clearly, walk with Him more closely, and serve Him more faithfully.


Soli Deo Gloria,

Pastor Paul J. Millarc